CHAP. =III.] RAPIDAN TO THE JAMES. 1089
MAY 6, 1874.
This indorsement is not dated, but from the handwriting and the
ink used I take it to have been made about 1865, before the evacua-
tion of Richmond. The fact is as clear in my memory to-day as ever.
The order was given at the Harris house shortly before sunset of the
11th. The above is a true copy.
Itinerary of Hardaway Light Artillery Battalion.*
Since last muster ,(April 30, 1864) this battalion (formerly known
as First Regiment Virginia Artillery) has marched from camp near
BarboursVille, Orange County, Va., via Verdierville, Mine Run, and
Locust Grove, to the Wilderness, and encamped near the line of
battle, but was not engaged.
May 7.—Received orders to move toward Spotsylvania Court-
House via Shady Grove Church. Reached Spotsylvania Court-
House morning of May 9, and encamped near what is known as the
New Court-House. Put Smith's battery into position on Brigadier-
General Walker's (Third Corps) line at night. The battery was after-
ward withdrawn. Next morning put Jones' and Smith's guns in
position on General Rodes' line and Captain Dance's battery on Gen-
eral Johnson's line. Captain Dance's guns were afterward relieved
by Captain Milledge, of Nelsbn's battalion, and he remained in
reserve just in rear of the line the balance of the day. Smith's bat-
tery was engaged in shelling the enemy's skirmishers, who were
very troublesome, and in replying to one of his batteries nearly all
day. Jones' battery fired a few shot. , About 6 p. m the enemy
charged and succeeded in breaking our line to Smith's right. Maj.
David Watson was with this battery and Lieutenant-Colonel Harda-
way with Jones'. Smith's- guns were worked until the enemy was
entirely in rear of the battery and when its fire would have been
more fatal to friend than foe. The guns were then abandoned by
Major Watson's order, and the majority of officers and men suc-
ceeded in making their escape. Captain Smith and 24 of his
men were captured, 3 killed, and 12 wounded. The enemy never
succeeded in getting as far to the left of our line as Jones' position, and
they were soon charged by Ramseur's and other brigades of Rodes'
and Johnson's divisions and driven back beyond Smith's guns. As
soon as the enemy were driven from the guns Colonel Hardaway and
Major Watson, with what men could be gotten together, commenced
working two of them upon the enemy with good effect. After about
an hour or two the enemy were finally dislodged and driven back to
his own line. Major Watson was wounded while working one of
Smith's guns and died of his wounds some four or five days after.
May 11.—Remained in line of battle.
May 12.—Lieutenant-Colonel Hardaway wounded in right shoul-
der. The battalion still in line of battle and Jones, Dance, and
May 13.—Majors Cutshaw and Stribling temporarily assigned to
* From Record of Events on muster-rolls of field and staff for June 30,
69 R XXXVI, PT I