318 OPERATIONS IN SE. VA. AND N. C. XLVIII.
Reports of Maj. Gen. Winfield S. Hancock, U. S. Army, command-
ing Second Army Corps, with statement of guns captured and
lost from May 3 to November 1, and list of colors captured and
lost from May 4 to November 1.
WASHINGTON, D. C., February —, 1865.
SIR : I have the honor to submit the following report of the oper-
ations of the Second Army Corps from May 3 to May 7, 1864, includ,
ing the battle of the Wilderness, this being the first epoch of the
campaign, according to the division established by the major-general
The corps left its winter quarters near Stevensburg, Va., on the
night of the 3d of May, with about 27,000 officers and men for duty.
The First and Second Divisions, under Generals Barlow and Gibbon,
were composed of the troops of the old Second Corps. The Third
and Fourth Divisions, under Generals Birney and Mott, were formed
by the consolidation of the old Third Corps with the Second. The
Artillery Brigade, attached to the Second Corps, under the command
of Col. J. C. Tidball, Fourth New York Heavy Artillery, consisted
of nine batteries, four of them of rifled guns and five of smooth-bore
guns. The two battalions of the Fourth Heavy Artillery were at-
tached to the brigade.
My command moved at midnight toward Ely's Ford, preceded
by Gregg's division of cavalry, which met with no resistance at the
river. When the infantry came in sight of the ford, the cavalry was
well across and had the canvas bridge nearly laid. The bridge
was soon completed by my troops, and the corps proceeded to Chan-
cellorsville, arriving there about 9 a. m. The cavalry moved well
out in advance toward Fredericksburg and Todd's Tavern. During
the afternoon communications were established with Warren's corps,
on my right, by way of the plank road. My troops bivouacked for
the night near the cross-roads at Chancellorsville, on the battle
ground of May 3, 1863.
At 5 a. m. on the 5th of May the Second Corps moved toward its
designated position at Shady Grove Church, taking the road by the
Furnaces and Todd's Tavern. My advance was about 2 miles beyond
Todd's Tavern, when, at 9 a, m., I received a dispatch from the
major-general commanding the Army of the Potomac to halt at the
tavern, as the enemy had been discovered in some force on the Wil-
derness pike. Two hours later I was directed to move my command
out the Brock road to its intersection with the Orange plank road.
I immediately gave orders for the troops to march toward the point
designated. Proceeding ahead of my command to the junction of
the Brock road and Orange plank road, I there met Brigadier-Gen-
eral Getty, commanding Second Division, Sixth Corps, who, with a
part of his division, had encountered the enemy's advance at that
point, and after a sharp contest had taken possession of the cross-
roads. Lieut. Col, C. II. Morgan, my chief of staff, was sent by me
at this hour to inform Major-General Meade that I had joined Gen-
eral Getty on the Brock road. GeneralGetty's command was then
in line of battle along that road, his left resting near the junction
with the Orange plank road. At 2 p. m. the head of. my command
(Major-General Birney's division) joined General Getty's troops on
the Brock road, and was at once formed on Getty's left in two lines