388 OPERATIONS IN SE. VA. AND N. C. [Our. XLVIII.
Report of Capt. James Fleming, Twenty-eighth Massachusetts In-
The crossing of the Rapidan River, Va., and the battles in the
Wilderness, near the old Chancellorsville battle-ground, and Todd's
Tavern, embracing May 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9, 1864.
The Twenty-eighth Massachusetts Volunteer Regiment broke camp
at Stevensburg, Va., at dark on the evening of May 3, 1864, and
marched at night, under command of Lieut. Col. George W. Cart-
wright, with 485 enlisted men, 2 field officers, and 18 line officers, in
company with the Sixty-third, Sixty-ninth, Eighty-eighth New
York Volunteers, and the One hundred and sixteenth Pennsylvania
Volunteers, composing the Second Brigade of the First Division,
Second Army Corps, the brigade being commanded by Col.
Thomas A. Smyth, First Delaware Volunteers, the division by
Brigadier-General Barlow, and the corps by Maj. Gen. W. S. Han-
cock. Crossed the Rapidan near daylight at Ely's Ford on pontoon,
and, reached Chancellorsville at about 3 p. m. May 4, 1864. Biv-
ouacked that night on the old Chancellorsville battle-ground. From
thence at daylight on the morning of May 5, 1864, marched again,
this regiment deployed on the left flank of t,he column as Hankers.
In the afternoon marched to the right of Todd's Tavern, crossing
the plank road, and went into the battle of the Wilderness. This
regiment being the only one in the Second Brigade who were armed
with rifles, it was constantly acting as skirmishers, while the bri-
gade was at work throwing up their intrenchments of logs and
earth. Were engaged again on the 6th, 7th, and 8th of May, suffer-
ing much in loss of officers and men, fatigue, &c.
The regiment performed the duties assigned them in a very credit-
able manner, although laboring under formidable disadvantages.
In this epoch the regiment lost in killed, wounded, and missing as
follows : Killed, 2 commissioned officers, 18 enlisted men ; wounded,
3 commissioned officers, 85 enlisted men ; missing, 18 enlisted men.
Left Wilderness night of May 8, 1864.
From May 9 to May 22. Operations on Po River, Spotsylvania
Court-House, and vicinity.
Marched night of May 8, 9, and 10, and skirmishing most of the
time. Engaged at River Po and vicinity, changing front several
times under enemy's artillery fire ; threw up intrenchments and
supported a regular battery ; fell back across Po River ; sent out
scouting parties ; destroyed small bridges, &c. On the night of May
11, 1864, we marched several miles, passing through the camp of the
Sixth Army Corps, and pushed forward until about 1 or 2 o'clock on
the morning of May 12, 1864. Here we massed the Second Corps, the
First and Third Divisions in advance, and balance of corps in teserve.
At daylight May 12, made the great charge on the enemy's position,