390 OPERATIONS IN SE. VA. AND N. C. [Cam-. xLVHI.
epoch (third) as follows : 2 enlisted men killed, 8 enlisted men
wounded, and 1 enlisted man missing. Closed this epoch tearing
up rails and destroying railroad.
March to and across the Pamunkey River including operations
on the Totopotomoy Creek and Cold Harbor, embracing May 27
to JUne 14.
Bivouacked night of May 27 in the mud from 1 a. m. until 8 a. m.,
when the regiment deployed on railroad right and left of cross-road,
burned cross-ties, warping the rails, and throwing them down em-
bankment. Marched from 10.30 a. m. until 4 p. m., a long and
rapid march with alternate rain and intense heat ; halted half an
hour ; pushed forward all day and all night toward Pamunkey
River, marched 18 miles ; Bowling Green, Guiney's Station, Mil-
ford ' ?ª drove enemy from bridge, and halted about 1 o'clock morning
May 29 on bank of Pamunkey. The soldiers, notwithstanding their
fatigue, were cheerful and spirited ; many straggled and fell out on
this march. Water being scarce the men suffered greatly. Crossed
river near New Castle.
Saturday, May 29.—Packed up at 11 a. m. Marched until 2.30.
Halted at Hazelbone's old tavern. This place is an old homestead
of over fifty years' standing, said to be 6 miles to Gaines' Mill ;
rested until 5.30 p. m., and pushed forward ; built new works for de-
fense. During the march we passed 8 or 10 dead rebel soldiers
unburied, apparently dismounted cavalry ; appearances of heavy
cavalry fight here. Halted in open field. This regiment acts in
support of a section of artillery to protect flank. Enemy open on
front and right flank. Marched of to the right ; threw up earth-
works until 6.30 a. m. 30th.
Sunday, May 30.—Pushed forward at 9 a. m., Fourth Brigade in
advance, this regiment in support, and the fight commences. Heavy
shelling on both sides, and a severe fight in front. Col. Richard
Byrnes commands the brigade (colonel Twenty-eighth Massachu-
setts Volunteers). Moved back to intrenchments at 4.30 p. m.
Tuesday, June 1.—Artillery opens at 9 a. m., and advanced at
10 a. m.; heavy skirmishing until 7 p. m. ; 1 man killed and 2
wounded. Occupied breast-works built by Brooke's (Fourth) bri-
gade ?ª carried three lines of enemy's works. Sleeper's Tenth Massa-
chusetts Battery in position on our left do good execution on enemy's
pits in front. Ordered to be in readiness to move at 5.30 p.
Started at 10.30 p. m. ; had a long, weary, rapid march ; the dust lay
very heavy. This was the most severe march of the campaign,
marching ten and one-half hours until June 2 ; halted. Sixth Corps
bring in some 800 prisoners from our right. Bivouac in open field ;
push on until 4 p. m. ; rest half an hour, men very much fatigued
and many fall out from utter exhaustion and effects of heat. Halted
at 5.30 p. m., and again intrenched ourselves, and although much
fatigued the men worked with great willingness and spirit.
On Friday, the 3d day of June, the Twenty-eighth Massachusetts
Regiment suffered much in the loss of officers and men without hav-
ing the satisfaction of punishing the enemy in return. We formed
in line and charged the enemy over the earth-works, and our men
fell in heaps. Forward we went to the second hill, which was
reached and held until nearly dark, when we fell back to the old,