CHAP. XLVIII.] RAPIDAN TO THE JAMES. 439
cult to replace him. No truer soldier was in my command. His
reputation as an officer stood far beyond the usual eulogies pro-
nounced on our dead officers. I feel that his merit was so peculiar
and his worth so well known to all the officers of the corps and to
the general commanding that it is not necessary for me to attempt
to do him justice. My brigade lost in him its best soldier. Colonel
Macy, Twentieth Massachusetts, wounded at the same time, was
gallantly leading his regiment. I had occasion to call the attention
of officers and men to the manner in which the Twentieth Massa-
chusetts fought this day, and to point out particularly how much
its fighting was due to the gallantry and discipline of its officers.
Lieut. William T. Simms, my aide-de-camp, was severely wounded
in the head. He was at the time looking for the troops said to be on
my right. He has on numerous occasions been recommended for
promotion for gallant conduct. On this occasion his example to offi-
cers and men was what was expected from him.
On the 6th we remained quiet all day ; considerable skirmishing
in the front ; 7th, in dame position until about 8 p.m., we
moved to the right and took position on the right of plAnk road,
relieving the Fourth Division. On the 8th we moved at about 4 a.
m. for Todd's Tavern, ,where we arrived at about 10 a. m. and took
position. At about 1 o'clock we moved in the direction of Spotsyl-
vania Court-House, where the Fifth Army Corps was engaged, ar-
riving near the scene of action at about 4 p. m., and halting on the
road to allow the Sixth Army Corps to pass. At 8 p. m. bivouacked
on the side of the road, about 1 mile in rear of the line of battle.
On the 9th, at about 7 a. m., we took position to cover the road,
and at 10 a. m. moved to the Po River and took. position, crossing
the Po at 3 p. m., connecting with the First Division on the right.
At 8 p. m. bivouacked for the night, with pickets thrown well out
to the front.
On the 10th we skirmished with the enemy until about 11 a. m.,
Lieutenant Sturgis, of the Twentieth Massachusetts, being killed
here. We recrossed the Po and moved to the support of the Fifth
Army Corps, which was heavily engaged. At about 3 p. m. took
position on the right of Colonel Carroll's (Third) brigade, and the
left of Brigadier-General Crawford's division, of the Fifth Corps.
About 4.30 p. m., in connection with the entire line, a charge was
made on the enemy's position, which was repulsed, and the line fell
back to its original ppsition. This could hardly be termed a charge.
Orders were sent to the brigade tO cheer when the division on my
right, under General Crawford, did so, and.to charge at once. The
men had had time to examine the enemy's line. They had found it
necessary to hug the ground very closely for some hours, since the
firing was severe. They had convinced themselves that the enemy
was too strongly positioned to be driven out by assault, and this was
evident in the attempt at a charge. In this action Major Rice, of
the Nineteenth Massachusetts, and Major Hooper, of the Fifteenth
Massachusetts, particularly distinguished themselves. At 5.45 p.
m. another attempt was made to carry the enemy's works, which
likewise resulted in failure. At this time my rear line broke to the
rear. I saw after the charge that but three regiments were to be
found. Major Downing, of the Forty-second New York, I arrested
for his conduct in this affair. Captain McFadden, of the Fifty-
ninth New York, was especially brave and zealous. My loss in
these two attacks was quite heavy, although I have no data by