OPERATIONS IN St. VA. AND N. C. Wasp. XLVIII.
ning of the contest to its close. We seemed to be connected with the
Sixth Corps ; General Eustis was in command and was very efficient.
Had not the utmost exertions, bravery, and gallantry been displayed
by the officers and men of the several organizations we would have
lost all that was gained that day. The cool bravery displayed there
by both officers and men as individuals surpasses anything that I
have witnessed in battle contests.
May 13, ordered to move out in rear and mass our troops. 12
m., ordered to consolidate Fourth Division with the Third Division.
General Mott took command and I returned to my regiment.
Your obedient servant,
Colonel, Commanding Brigade.
Report of Lieut. Col. John Schoonover Eleventh New Jersey In-
fantry, of operations :May 4-20.
The crossing of the Rapidan and the battles of the Wilderness.
At 1 a. m. May 4, 1864, the regiment left its winter quarters near
Brandy Station, Va., and with the remainder of the brigade .made
a rapid. march to Ely's Ford on the Rapidan, which was crossed at
11 the same forenoon. At this point the regiment was detailed to
guard the ammunition train, and continued on this duty until it
reached the Chancellorsville battle-ground, where it joined the bri-
gade at 3.45 p. m. ; continued the march on the morning of May 5 at
5 a. m., reached the Brock road early in the afternoon, and at once
threw up a temporary breast-work. At 4 p. m. the cornmand4kvas
passed along the line By the right of companies to the front,"
which was repeated and the regiment moved forward as directed.
After proceeding a very short distance through the dense under-
brush, I was directed by the brigade commander to form line of
battle, which I did so far as circumstances would permit. With
the regiments on the right and left crowding, and in the midst of
an almost impassable underbrush, it was found impossible to form a
line of battle in the space I occupied on the road. There was much
confusion in the ranks till the regiment reached the crest of the hill,
when, by detailing the three left companies, I succeeded in placing
the remainder of the regiment in proper line. As yet we had re-
ceived no fire from the enemy except an occasional shot from the
skirmish line, which was returned. We had been in this position
but a short time, when a few volleys of musketry were heard to the
extreme left and rear, and immediately the line on the left, as far
as I could see, commenced falling back in confusion. This was
rapidly carried on to the right, and when the Sixteenth Massa-
chusetts, which was on my immediate left, took up the movement
my regiment followed and all efforts to rally the men were fruitless.
The troops seemed panic-stricken, and 'for what reason I was never
able to imagine. They acted as if their only safety was the works
'which they had so hastily erected. I desire to mention one excep-
Maj. JOHN HANCOCK,
Asst. Adjt. Gen., Third Division, Second Corps.