CHAP. XLVIII.] RAPIDAN TO THE JAMES. 525
Report of Capt. John B. Vande Wiele, Fourth New York Heavy
HEADQUARTERS FOURTH NEW YORK ARTILLERY,
October 20, 1864.
Report of operations of the Fourth New York Heavy Artillery
from May 3 to July 30, inclusive.
May 3.—Left midnight May 4 at 9 p. na.; night dark ; reached
Madden's about midnight ; bivouacked.
May 4.—Marched to Ely's Ford, Rapidan ; crossed about midday;
proceeded to Chancellorsville, camping for the night at a house
about a quarter of a mile to the north of the Chancellor house. "
May 5.—Moved slowly in the direction of the Wilderness, resting
at noon for half an hour near the Furnace, on the road of the same
name. Afterward marched rapidly to the battle-field, went into
position on extreme left of Second Corps ; sent two companies (A
and G) on skirmish line, remaining companies ordered to throw
up rifle-pits. Before the pits were finished were ordered farther to
the right to support Roder's and Sleeper's batteries. Company G
was relieved on the skirmish line by infantry, when it constructed
a strong line of pits between the batteries. Company A, being re-
lieved from skirmish line, joined the battalion in the pits.
May 7.—Lay all day in rifle-pits.
May 8.—Moved as far as Todd's Tavern ; put up a heavy breast-
work to protect the rear; supported two batteries ; worked all night
in the intrenchments.
May 9.—Men much fatigued . at 8 a. m. were ordered to report to
Major-General Birney, and under his direction cut a road in a south-
east direction through a belt of woods ?ª that completed, rested and
got dinner. At 4 p. m.. started for Ny River, upon reaching which
saw the rebels retreating ; bivouacked in good pasture on Hart's
May 10.—At 9 a. m. moved to banks of Ny River ; retreated to the
farm ; rebels advanced toward the river. About 4 p. m. sent Com-
pany A to destroy bridge, which they succeeded in doing under
severe fire. At the same time sent out a line of skirmishers, left rest-
ing on the river, right about a quarter of a mile from it. Having no
support were ordered to retire by General Hancock personally, and
withdrew under a sharp fire from the enemy's skirmishers.
May 11.—Lay in field to the east of Hart's house. *At 12 p. m.
moved toward Spotsylvania Court-House ; raining.
May 12.—Crossed Po River ?ª went into position on extreme left of
line with Sleeper's battery. 'Rained incessantly ; mud very deep.
At 2 p. m. moved to field with reserve batteries. Ordered to put up
works for Ames', Roder's, and Brown's batteries. Made several
attempts to capture abandoned rebel caissons, but owing to the mud
and sharpshooters' fire could not succeed.
May 13.—Lay still all day; mud and rain.