CHAP. XLVIII.] RAPIDAN TO THE JAMES. 573
I inclose a report made to me by Lieutenant-Colonel Herring, One
hundred and eighteenth Pennsylvania, who had command of the
advance. * I will make a report of the present operations as soon as
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
JOS. J. BARTLETT.
Capt. C. B. MERVINE,
Assistant Adjutant- General.
Report of Maj. Ellis Spear, Twentieth Maine Infantry.
HEADQUARTERS TWENTIETH MAINE VOLUNTEERS,
Near Petersburg, Va., August —, 1864.
LIEUTENANT : In accordance with Special Orders, No. 209 (extract
5), dated headquarters Army of the Potomac, I have the he .or to
submit the following report :
On the morning of the 4th of May the regiment crossed the Rapi-
dan, and in the afternoon went into line of battle on the left of
the Orange Court-House road, and there bivouacked for the night.
On the morning of the 5th I threw up earth-works and cleared the
trees in front. At 12.30 p. m. advanced through the woods in sec-
ond line of battle about three-fourths of a mile, emerging into a sec-
ond opening under heavy fire of musketry from front and left.
Observing from cessation of fire on the right that that part of the
line had not come up I immediately deployed a com?any as skirmish-
ers across the road and in the wood, and bent bac my right, and,
with the regiment originally in my front, which being flanked Tiad
formed in rear and faced also to the right, held the enemy in check
until, pressed from right and left and in front, we fell back to our
original works, bringing off 35 prisoners, with loss of 10 men killed,
58 wounded, and 16 missing. Lay in line of battle on the 6th in
front of the works. Lost 2 men killed and 10 wounded. The 7th
I advanced under command of Lieutenant-Colonel Herring, with
orders to push the enemy back as far as possible, and ascertain his
position and force. Their skirmishers were driven at once through
the woods until they opened fire of artillery' and musketry from a
line of earth-works, when I withdrew out of range of the musketry,
and occupied an interior line as support to the picket. Loss, 2 offi-
cers killed and 1 wounded ; 2 men support and 10 wounded.
At 1 a. m. of the 8th followed the brigade to Spotsylvania Court-
House. Arriving at Laurel Hill at 8 a. m., this regiment was or-
dered to report to General Crawford. Advanced toward the enemy
* See p. 590.