576 OPERATIONS IN SE. VA. AND N. O. [C p. XLVIH.
obstruction which the thick and tangled brush wood presented.
During this movement Colonel Hayes was severely wounded in the
head by a bullet and Lieutenant McCarty in the arm. Five enlisted
men were killed and 14 wounded. Major Weston, after returning
to the breast-works, received so severe an attack of sunstroke as to
render him temporarily insane, and to deprive him of strength to do
further service. He was sent by the surgeons to Washington, where
he received a sick leave of thirty days. The regiment remained at
the breast-works till late in the afternoon, when it was moved upon
the road, and placed in position, but was soon recalled and biv-
ouacked for the night.
Early the next morning, May 6, the regiment was moved up the
road and placed in a-second line of battle on the ground where Gen-
eral Ayres' brigade the day before formed for the assault. No ad-
vance was made from this position during the day. The enemy kept
up a continual artillery fire over us, but the only casuality was 1 man
killed by a shell. At night the brigade was drawn into the breast-
works. The next morning the enemy had moved his force nearly to
the works. The Eighteenth Regiment was sent out as skirmishers,
and during the forenoon lost 1 man killed and 4 wounded. At 1
o'clock the skirmishers were ordered to move forward in advance of
a line of troops, which was to be sent forward to ascertain if the
enemy still remained in our front. Upon the advance being made
the enemy's skirmishers fell back to his line of battle, where he was
found to be still strongly posted with infantry and artillery. The
troops were recalled and the regiment was relieved from its picket
duty. After dusk the brigade marched from its position along the
line of battle toward the left, and without resting.
After dusk the brigade left its position and marched all night by
a good road to Laurel Hill, which place, although but 8 miles dis-
tant, .was not reached till daybreak, so unaccountably slow was the
movement. No time was then given to the men either to rest or
get food, but without halting they were moved forward against an
intrenched position, which had been supposed to be fully manned.
The formation of the brigade was in two lines, the Eighteenth Mass-
achusetts on the right of the second line, the First Michigan on its
left. The assault was repulsed, and the brigade, after the troops on
its left had given away, fell back. The casualties were 1 man killed
and 9 wounded. During the remainder of the day the regiment,
with others of the brigade, occupied a position to the right and rear
of where it fought in the morning. The next day, May 10, the regi-
ment was not in action. At about 3 o'clock it reported to Lieuten-
ant-Colonel Throop, and was assigned to duty with the Second Bri-
gade. At about sunset the Third Brigade was placed in line in
front of the Second Brigade, and preparations were made to charge
the enemy's works, but the order was countermanded. The brigade
withdrew, and this regiment again reported to Colonel Sweitzer.
During the night it was on picket in front of the works, where it
had 3 men wounded.
May 11, the regiment remained near the rifle-pits in support of
the Second Brigade.
May 12, the regiment occupied several positions without being
in either of them actively engaged. Early in the morning with the