CHAP. XLVITL] 'RAPIDAN TO THE JAMES. 601
left protected by sharpshooters. Lay on our arms all night and in
line till daylight disclosed the enemy withdrawn under cover of the
May 20, threw up breast-works near Harris' farm. May 21, 1 p.
m. marched with corps toward Guiney's Station ; 3 p. m. ordered
to bring up rear of train ; 10 p. m. went on picket at army head-
quarters. May 22, daylight, rejoined corps ; wagon guard this day ;
marching toward North Anna River. May 23, this morning Col-
onel Dushane assumed the command.
I am, dear sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
RICHARD N. BOWERMAN,
Colonel, Comdg. Fourth Maryland Volunteer Infantry.
Lieut. JOSIAH BANKERD,
Acting Assistant Adjutant-General.
Report of Col. Samuel A. Graham, Purnell Legion, Maryland In-
fantry, commanding Second Brigade (late Third Brigade).
Battles of the Wilderness, from May 4 to May 7, 1864, inclusive.
At 9 p. m. May 3, 1864, the Third Brigade (now Second Brigade,
and known as the Maryland Brigade), Second Division, Fifth Army
Corps, Col. A. W. Denison, Eighth Maryland Volunteers, command-
ing, received orders to be prepared to move at 12 midnight. At 1.10
a. m. May 4 the brigade was ordered to join the division on the
road at the foot of Pony Mountain, after which we moved for Ger-
manna Ford, via Stevensburg, Va., crossing Rapidan River at said
ford at 11.40 a. m.; marched about 24 miles southward, and halted
for the night. On the 5th, at 8 a. m., the march was resumed,
reaching the Wilderness at 10 a. m. ; moved .1 mile south of the
town ; formed in line of battle, and advanced through a dense pine
wood, supporting General Wadsworth(Fourth Division). Moved
about 2 miles in a southerly direction, when heavy skirmishing fol-
lowed, and a terrific battle took place in our immediate front be-
tween the enemy and General Wadsworth's command. At 1.40 p.
m. General Cutler's brigade, which was in our immediate front,
was overpowered, and fell back in confusion, breaking through our
line of battle at different points, creating some confusion for a mo-
ment, which, however, was promptly allayed, and the line properly
established, when the enemy made a furious and desperate assault
upon us, but was defeated and severely punished ; rallying his
forces, he again attacked our lines, when a sharp engagement en-
sued, in which we suffered severely. It became apparent that the
enemy's force was much superior to ours in numbers, and at 2.25 p.
m. it was ascertained that we were being effectually out-flanked on
both right and left, and in imminent danger of being captured, when
a retreat was ordered, which was executed in good order, falling
back to the open ground upon which we formed before advancing.
In this engagement the brigade sustained a loss of 2 officers and 18
men killed, 6 officers and 93 men wounded, 'and 1 officer and 60 men
missing. During the 6th and 7th the brigade was frequently moved
as a support to other troops, but did not get into any engagement.