608 OPERATIONS IN SE. VA. AND N. C. [CRAP. xLVIII.
the strongest regiments that ever took the field. On the 5th of May
the regiment marched over Chancellorsville toward the Wilderness,
and in the evening received orders to prepare to be employed as in-
fantry in the battle of the Wilderness, which had commenced that
day. On the 6th, about 2 a. m., the regiment marched forward,
and at 5.30 a. m. had a short rest before being ordered to take posi-
tion in a wood on the left of the Second Corps. The brigade ad-
vanced, but before a line of battle could be completed, which was
difficult on account of the thick undergrowth, the enemy made an
attack upon the right of the regiment, formed by the Second and
Third Battalions. Although the men had to deploy under a lively
fire they repulsed the first attack, and followed the retiring enemy
up to a clearing about 200 yards in front. In the mean time, how-
ever, the main force of the enemy having been brought forward,
they were obliged to fall back, which they did in good order, taking
position behind the wood. Immediately after this the brigade was
formed again in line of battle, the Fifteenth New York Artillery on
the right, with the intention to retake the first position, but an order
from higher authority did not allow this to be carried out, and the
regiment was ordered to take a position in rifle-pits. After this the
regiment did not take any active part in the fight. It was relieved
by troops from the Fifth Corps, and had to build a second line of
breast-works at a short distance behind the first, where it had rest
till the afternoon of the 7th.
The loss of the regiment in the foregoing engagement was 1 officer
and 7 men killed, and 1 officer and 35 men wounded, the largest part
of this loss falling upon the Third Battalion, which had to sustain
the most of the enemy's attack.
I may be allowed to state here that the regiment was not armed
according to the duties it had to perform, carrying old Remington
rifles with sword bayonets ; and also that it never had been suffi-
ciently drilled as infantry, this having been considered but a sec-
ondary part of its duty during its stay in fortifications around
Washington, D. C.
The march to Spotsylvania Court-House and the operations in front
of that place.
About 3 p. m. on the 7th May the regiment started in the direction.
of Spotsylvania Court-House, our brigade being train guard. We
marched until 4 a. m. and went into camp near Pioneer Church. At
this place we rested until, on the 9th at 7 a. m., we were ordered to ad-
vance about 5 miles toward Spotsylvania Court-House and take posi-
tion behind breast-works. From here the Second Battalion, com-
manded by Maj. Julius Dieckmann, and consisting of Companies E, F,
G, and H, was detailed, Company E to take charge of a 24-pounder
mortar battery, Companies F, G, and H as guard for the reserve am-
munition train, Army of the Potomac. Company B, from the First
Battalion, had already been detailed as provost guard at Brandy Sta-
tion, consequently the regiment numbered only seven companies.
On the evening of the 10th of May, about 8.30 p. m., the regiment
started again, and in the morning of the 11th crossed the Po River
before taking a.position in rifle-pits on the right. In the afternoon of
the Uth the regiment was relioved ; marched during the night, crossed.