CHAP. XLVIII.] GENERAL REPORTS. 63
North Carolina. The armies of the East commenced their battles
on the river from which the Army of the Potomac derived its name,
and received the final surrender of their old antagonist at Appomat-
tox Court-House, Va. The splendid achievements of each have
nationalized our victories, removed all sectional jealousies (of which
we have unfortunately experienced too much), and the cause of
crimination and recrimination that might have followed had either
section failed in its duty. All have a proud record, and all sections
can well congratulate themselves and each other for having done
their full share in restoring the supremacy of law over every foot
of territory belonging to the United States. Let them hope for
perpetual peace and harmony with that enemy whose manhood,
however mistaken the cause, drew forth such herculean deeds of
I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
U. S. GRANT,
Hon. E. M. STANTON,
Secretary of War.
Dispatches of Charles A. Dana, Assistant Secretary of War.
RAPPAHANNOCK, May 7, 1864-7.15 a. M.
(Received 7.50 a. m.)
Just arrived here, all safe. An officer from General Meade was
here at 2 o'clock this morning seeking to telegraph to Washing-
ton, but was recalled by a second messenger, and both returned to
Meade. They report that there was heavy fighting yesterday in the
Wilderness beyond Germanna Ford. They state regarding the num-
ber of wounded, from 3,000 to 5,000. We drove the rebels 3 miles,
but were unable to use artillery with effect, owing to the density of
the forest. The battle is believed here to have been indecisive, but
as the officer said but little I can gather nothing precise. The first
of these officers said he came to get ammunition brought up from
Alexandria. There is evidently no difficulty in getting to the front,
for which I shall leave as soon as the horses and men have had
breakfast. I leave an operator here to forward reports.
C. A. DANA.
Maj. T. T. ECKERT.
HEADQUARTERS ARMIES OF THE UNITED STATES,
May 8, 1864-10 a. m. (Received 3.40 p. m., 9th.)
Army moved successfully last night from its position during the
battle of Old Wilderness, and its advance under. Warren now occu-
pies Spotsylvania Court-House. A body of rebel cavalry resisted
our movement there, but without any considerable effect. There
are no indications that Lee has moved in any direction, and General
Grant is decidedly of opinion that he remains in the old place. If
this be so we are much nearer Richmond than he is. Sedgwick's
corps has just passed here for Spotsylvania. Burnside is at Chan-