CHAP. XLVIIII RAPIDAN TO THE JAMES. 691
Report of Maj. Thomas McLaughlin, One hundred and second Penn-
HDQRS. 102D REGIMENT PENNSYLVANIA VOLUNTEERS,
Near Charlestown, Va., September 2, 1864.
CAPTAIN : In compliance with orders from headquarters I have
the honor to submit the following report of the operations of this
command from the crossing of the Rapidan River until the embar-
kation on transports at City Point. It is, of necessity, incomplete,
and perhaps inaccurate, owing to the regiment having in this period
four different commanders :
Battle of the Wilderness.
May 4.-4 a. m., broke camp near Brandy Station, crossed the
Rapidan River at dermanna Ford, and in the evening bivouacked
about 3 miles from the river and near the Brock road.
?ª May 5.—At daylight resumed the march and about noon came on
the enemy at the intersection of this and the Fredericksburg and
Orange Court-House plank road. The regiment was in second line
of battle on the road, and not actively engaged until afternoon.
About 3 p. m. the One hundred and second Pennsylvania Volun-
teers relieved the One hundred and thirty-ninth Pennsylvania Vol-
unteers in the front line of battle. Shortly after the line was ad-
vanced the skirmishers, under Lieutenant Cooper, becanie engaged
and lost heavily. The line pressed steadily forward for about three-
quarters of a mile, crossing a swamp under a destructive fire. On
reaching the crest of the hill, the regiment halted and continued
firing, losing very heavily until about 6 p. m., when the ammunition
being exhausted the regiment was relieved and retired to the sec-
-ond line and were supplied with ammunition. Loss in killed and
May 6.—At 5 a. m. advanced from the cross-roads, driving the
enemy over the ground of the previous day's battle, and at least 1
mile beyond, at times moving by right or left flanks as occasion re-
quired, until, the enemy having succeeded in flanking us on our left,
the regiment was forced to retire to the cross-roads. At 9 p. m.
moved about 3 miles in the direction of the Rapidan River, and in
the morning were sent on picket.
The march to Spotsylvania Court-House and operations in front of
May 7.—At 12 p. m. were withdrawn and marched toward Spot-
sylvania Court-House, passing through Chancellorsville, and on the
afternoon of the 8th came up with the enemy in an intrenched posi-
tion within 2 miles of Spotsylvania Court-House. A portion of the
regiment was sent on picket, and at 8 p. m. the balance were ordered
to their support.