CHAP. XLVIII1 RAPIDAN TO THE JAMES. 709
For twelve days the brigade had been under constant fire, had en-
gaged the enemy by day, and advanced by parallels and strength-
ened the works by night, losing a greater or less number of valuable
men every day. The works constructed were of a formidable char-
acter, consisting of no less than seven parallel lines, some of them
connected by covered or protected ways. Maj. Richard B. Cran-
dall, Sixth Vermont Volunteers, who fell in the front line June 7,
was a brave and valuable officer. Capt. M. T. Sampson, Fifth Ver-
mont, and Lieut. Hiram C. Bailey, Second Vermont, and Lieut.
Henry C. Miller, Third Vermont, who fell June 3, were also officers
of great merit. Capt. D. G. Kenesson, Third Vermont, and Capt.
G. H. Sowles, Eleventh Vermont, and. Lieut. J. A. Bixby, Fifth
Vermont, and Lieuts. E. B. Smith, J. H. Macomber, S. R. Wilson,
J. S. Drenan and D. S. Walbridge, Eleventh Vermont, were
wounded in these engagements. As heretofore my thanks are due
to the regimental commanders and the members of my staff for
their fidelity and gallantry.
I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
L. A. GRANT, ?ª
PETER T. WASHBURN,
Adjutant and Inspector General.
Report of Col. Thomas 0. Seaver, Third Vermont Infantry, of oper-
ations May 4-6.
HEADQUARTERS THIRD VERMONT INFANTRY,
July 5, 1864.
SIR: I have to report the following as the part taken by my regi-
ment in the battles of this campaign :
On the afternoon of the 3d of May I received orders to be ready
to march at 4 o'clock the next morning. Accordingly, we broke
camp and marched to the Rapidan, crossing at Germanna Ford in
the afternoon of May 4, and encamped for the night at a distance
about 2 miles beyond the ford. On the 5th of May we moved on in
the direction of the Wilderness by a road running at right angles
with the Orange Court-House and Fredericksburg plank road.
When near this road we met portions of our cavalry returning in
some confusion from attacks by the enemy. My regiment was
moved rapidly across the plank road and formed in line on the road
by which we had been advancing. The Second Corp. was on my
left, the Fourth Vermont Infantry on my right, and the Fifth Ver-
mont Infantry was deployed a short distance in front as skirmish-
ers. At about 2 p. ll1. I was ordered to advance in line with the
Fourth Regiment. Accordingly my regiment was moved forward.
The skirmishers not advancing, I passed them. The ground over
which the regiment advanced was thickly covered with trees, inter-
cepted with a dense growth of underbrush, rendering it very difficult
to move troops over, and so thick that nothing could be seen at
a distance of more than 30 or 40 yards. After passing the skir-
mish line for about 200 yards, we met the enemy, who gave the first
indications of his presence by delivering a full volley in our front,
in consequence of which I lost many valuable lives. I had no
means of guarding against this disaster, as the skirmishers were not