CHAP. XLVIII.] RAPIDAN TO THE JAMES. 751
here formed in two lines of battle, my regiment in front. Our front
line in this place was between 50 and 75 yards from the enemy. In
this position we lay Until 10 p. m. of the 12th, when, leaving 150
men of my regiment in the works, we commenced the movement in
direction of the Charles City Court-House. During the march from
Cold Harbor to the James River no occurrence of an unusual na-
ture took place. The Sixth Corps was the last to reach the James
River, being in rear of the army. *
I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
A. W. EBRIGHT,
Lieut. Col. 126th Ohio Volunteers.
Lieut. JOHN A. GUMP,
A. A. A. G., Second Brig., Third Div., Sixth Army Corps.
Report of Col. Matthew R. McClennan, One hundred and thirty-
eighth Pennsylvania Infantry.
HDQRS. 138TH PENNSYLVANIA VOLUNTEERS,
September 10, 1864.
LIEUTENANT : In compliance with instructions received in Special
Orders, No. 174, dated headquarters Sixth Army Corps, August 20,
1864, I have the honor to transmit the following report of the part
taken by this regiment in the operations of the Army of the Poto-
mac from the 4th day of May to the 9th day of July, 1864.
On the 4th day of May, at daylight, this command marched with
its proper organization from camp near Culpeper, Va., and pro-
ceeded to Germanna Ford, where the Rapidan River was crossed by
means of a pontoon bridge and beyond which a short distance the
troops bivouacked for the night. On the morning of the 5th instant
the march was again resumed, and this brigade, commanded by
Brig. Gen. T. Seymour, was subjected to considerable marching
and countermarching in the vicinity of the Wilderness battle-
ground, before it was assigned a position in the engagement which
was then raging with great fury. Late in the afternoon the com-
mand reached the extreme right of the Sixth Corps line, where it
was at once formed. About dark an advance was ordered (this
regiment forming part of the second line of battle), which was soon
checked by a severe fire from the enemy in our front, and we were
finally withdrawn a short distance and allowed to remain quiet dur-
ing the night. In the mean time the enemy could be heard chop-
ping trees and fortifying in our front and beyond and opposite our
right flank. I personally reported this fact to General Seymour and
recommended him to take measures to prevent a flank attack.
Early on the morning of the 6th instant an assault against the en-
emy's works was ordered, but after advancing through an almost
impenetrable thicket, under an enfilading and most destructive fire,
we were compelled to halt and ultimately to retire to our original
position. The behavior of the men was remarkably creditable, and
the losses were very severe. In the afternoon, about 6 p. m., while
the troops were cooking supper (by order of the brigade com-
mander), a sudden attack was made upon our right flank, and before
*For continuation of report, see Vol, X14, Part I.