762 OPERATIONS IN SE. VA. AND N. C. (Cusp. XLVIII.
harmlessly overhead, exploding, many of them, far to the rear. A
battery that was posted directly in front, at the distance of about
275 yards, when it became troublesome, was twice silenced during
the day, spherical case being principally used ; time, three-fourths
of a second.
On the 4th the battery was not engaged, and on the morning of
the 5th, at 2.30 o'clock, the battery was withdrawn, having expended
16 canister, 16 shell, 64 shot, and 128 spherical case.
On June 7 reported with the battery to Major-General Birney,
commanding a division of the Second Corps, and was immediately
ordered into position on the right of Mott's brigade, which at that
time formed the left of the line. On the evening of the 8th received
orders from General Birney that for every shot the enemy threw at
his headquarters to throw one on Turkey Hill, which was at a right
angle with that of the enemy's battery. This practice was continued
for an hour or more, when the enemy, discovering the modus oper-
andi, ceased their fire. Ammunition expended, 19 shot and 16 shell.
On the 9th engaged the enemy at the distance of 1,000 yards,
expending 32 shot, 159 spherical case, and 19 shell. No casualties
were met with, as the battery was well protected by earth-works
thrown up during the night of the 7th. *
Most respectfully submitted.
G. T. STEVENS,
Captain, Fifth Battery Maine Vols.
Lieut. E. N. WHITTIER,
Actg. Asst. A djt. Gen., Artillery Brig., Sixth Corps.
Report of Lieut. Jacob Federhen, First Massachusetts Battery.
CAMP BATTERY A, MASSACHUSETTS ARTILLERY,
August 23, 1864.
SIR : In accordance with paragraph 2, Special Orders, No. 174,
Sixth Army Corps, I have the honor to transmit the following report
in relation to the movements of this command from May 4 to July 30,
1864, viz :
On the 4th of May the battery moved with the brigade, crossing
the Rapidan at Germanna Ford, up the plank road, and on the 7th
and until 8 p. m. of the 8th, was in position in the Wilderness, when
the battery moved with the brigade through Chancellorsville to near
Spotsylvania Court-House, Va. On the 9th and 10th the battery
was engaged, expending 300 rounds of solid shot, 288 rounds case-
shot, 120 rounds shell, and 8 canister. On the 10th of May Lieut.
Jacob Federhen severely wounded through both thighs and Sergt.
John H. Burnham slightly in scalp. One caisson stock and two
tarpaulins shot through. On the 9th, 10th, and 12th lost 5 horses
killed. Battery was moving continually from one position to
another, from right to left, near Spotsylvania Court-House. Was
on picket-at the extreme right of the lines on the 20th and 21st, and
thence moved to Bleak Hill, where it remained on picket near An-
derson's house until 8 a. m. of the 22d. The battery then moved .
* For continuation of report, see Vol. XL, Part I.