CHAP. XLVIII.] RAPIDAN TO THE JAMES. 853
can only be reported in the most general terms. This division at
the time of 'crossing the Rapidan had an aggregate strength of 4,793
commissioned officers and enlisted men. Crossing the Rapidan on
May 4, at Ely's Ford, the division marched in front of the Second
Corps to Chancellorsville, and thence to Alrich's, on the Fredericks-
burg plank road. On the 5th marched to Todd's Tavern. At this
point found the Third Division, the rear of which was being pressed
by a force of the enemy's cavalry. A [two] regiments (First New
Jersey and First Massachusetts Cavalry) of the First Brigade, Brig.
Gen. H. E. Davies,jr., commanding, engaged the pursuing enemy,
and, after a sharp skirmish, drove them a distance of 3 miles, and
beyond Corbin's Bridge. The loss of the First New Jersey and First
Massachusetts Cavalry in this skirmish was a total of 91 in killed and
wounded. On the 6th, at Todd's Tavern, the division was engaged
skirmishing with the enemy's cavalry during the entire day. The
whole force of the enemy appeared to be dismounted, and studiously
kept under the cover of the dense woods surrounding the tavern.
Their long extended lines were everywhere protected by hastily
constructed defenses. The 6th closed without any decisive result.
On the 7th the. First Division of Cavalry, Brigadier-General Merritt
commanding, having arrived at. Todd's Tavern, the two divisions
(First and Second) engaged the enemy. The brigades of the Second
Division word disposed as follows : The Second Brigade, Col. J. I.
Gregg commanding, on the extreme right, and covering the road
leading to Shady Grove ; the First Brigade, Brig. Gen. H. E. Davies,
hr., commanding, on the extreme left. Both of the brigades were
otly engaged, and both defeated the enemy in their front. The
regithents engaged were all dismounted and fought on foot. On the
8th, at Todd's Tavern, the Second Brigade was engaged during the
day in a skirmish with the enemy on the road leading to Shady
Grove. On the evening of the 8th the Second Division moved to
Silver's, and camped with the other divisions of the corps.
On the 9th the Cavalry Corps marched to the North Anna, the
Second Division being the rear division in the column. At New
Market the First Brigade, marching in rear, was attacked by the
enemy's cavalry following in pursuit. The attack was spirited, and
kept up until night, the regiments in rear, Sixth Ohio and First
Pennsylvania Regiments of cavalry, successfully resisted and re-
pelled the repeated attacks.
On the morning of the 10th the division not having crossed the
North Anna, was again attacked by the enemy, dismounted, aided
by artillery. The enemy was again repulsed, and the crossing easily
effected. On the same morning, moving out in the advance, the
enemy was met about 2 miles from Beaver Meadow, and dispersed
by the leading regiment of the Second Brigade. On the 11th, near
Ground Squirrel Church, the division, marching in rear, was attacked
by Gordon's brigade of rebel cavalry. The attacks of the enemy
were repeated during the entire day, thus forming a part of the gen-
eral engagement with the enemy at Yellow Tavern. The Second
Brigade of this division alone was engaged, and without difficulty,
in every attack, was more than able to drive the enemy at all points,
inflicting upon him severe loss. On the 12th the Cavalry Corps,
having marched down the Brook turnpike to within 3 miles of Rich-
mond, turned to the left, and passed within the outer lines of the
fortifications ; the advance of the corps directing its march upon
the Meadow Bridges found them held by the enemy in force.