904 OPtRATIONS IN St. VA. AND N. C. I CRAP. =in.
to check any advance of the enemy from the direction of my right
and front. After having been in this position for two or three
hours, the enemy advanced a strong line of skirmishers almost in
my immediate front. I directed my guns upon them and opened.
The enemy were checked for a moment, but again advanced. Hav-
ing no support I asked Colonel Chapman, who was near the battery,
if he could furnish me any. He replied that he could not, as his
troops were all employed, and that I had better withdraw. The
enemy still advancing, and not knowing what troops of ours, if any,
were in my front, I withdrew to a position about three-quarters of a
mile in rear, the only one that presented itself as a fit position for
artillery. While here I received an order from General Sheridan to
open upon the woods which were on the left of General Gregg's line.
This was done, but with what effect I cannot say. I occupied this
position till about 4 p. m., when I received an order from General
Sheridan to cross Meadow Bridge with four of my guns and to take
position to cover the crossing of the troops, and to leave one section
in the position I then occupied. I detailed Lieutenant Woodruff to
remain, crossed the bridge, and took position. Here I was joined by
Lieutenant Fitzhugh's battery and Lieutenant Woodruff 's section not
long after. Remaining here till the troops had crossed I joined the
division at Mechanicsville and bivouacked that night at Gaines' house ;
marched to Bottom's Bridge on the 13th, and on the 14th crossed the
Chickahominy and marched to Malvern Hill. On the 15th marched
to Haxall's Landing, where we remained till the 18th, obtaining
rations, &c. On the 18th marched to Jones' Bridge and crossed the
Chickahominy. On the 19th marched to Baltimore Cross-Roads.
On the 20th marched to near Cold Harbor and camped. Left on
the 22d and camped at White House. On the 23d marched to
Aylett's via King William Court-House and continued the march
the next day, and on the 25th camped at Chesterfield. Crossed the
North Anna River on the 26th and made a demonstration at Little
River, shelling the opposite side, and recrossed the North Anna at
11 p. m. and camped. On the 27th marched to Chesterfield, and on
the 28th camped at Mangohick Church. On the 29th reached the
Pamunkey River opposite Hanoverto wn. On the 31st crossed the
Pamunkey and marched toward Hanover Court-House. Battery
was relieved by Captain Ransom on the 31st.
On the evening of the 11th I received an order from General
Sheridan to destroy the rear portion of my forge and send the lim-
ber to the headquarters to take a Blakely gun which had been cap-
tured. This was done and I transported the gun to Haxall's Land-
ing, where it was turned over to the ordnance department. From
the time we crossed the Rapidan to the 31st of May I expended 350
rounds of 3-inch ammunition. I lost during the march 15 horses,
which were abandoned, being unable to travel or which died on the
march. My men and horses subsisted upon the country when out
of rations, foraging parties under charge of a commissioned officer
being sent out daily. Both of my officers, Lieuts. C. A. Woodruff
and William Egan, performed all their duties skillfully and with
great credit. My men were obedient to orders and attentive to all
their duties. have no casualties to report.
A. C. M. PENNINGTON,
First Lieutenant, Second Artillery, Comdg. Battery M.
Capt. L. SIEBERT,
Assistant Adjutant- General, Third Cavalry Division.