908 OPERATIONS IN SE. VA. AND N. C. [CHAP. XLVIII.
down the Brock road, passed the point occupied by this division,
thus leaving the road to Chancellorsville open without interfering
with the Fifth Corps. Soon after dark the Second Division was
moved on to the high ground in rear of the Wilderness Tavern.
The Third Division, which had been left in position on the line, and
the Provisional Brigade were withdrawn during the night, and con-
centrated in rear of the Second Division, the Third Division consti-
tuting the rear guard of the corps. The rear of the Sixth Corps did
not pass the Wilderness Tavern until nearly daybreak of the 8th.
General Wilcox deployed Christ's brigade and held the enemy's
cavalry in check until all the wounded in the hospitals that we had
transportation for were removed. The entire corps moved toward
and through Chancellorsville as soon as the road was cleared by the
Sixth Corps and its trains. The Third Division bivouacked that
night near Perry's house, some 2 miles from Chancellorsville, and
the remainder of the corps bivouacked between Perry's house and
Chancellorsville. Our Artillery Reserve was ordered to join the
Artillery Reserve of the Army of the Potomac, where it remained
until it was ordered to the rear, May 16.
I beg to refer to the excellent report of Brigadier-General Fer-
rero for an understanding of the movements of the Fourth Di-
vision, and of the Second Ohio, Fifth New York, and Third New
Jersey Cavary during this and succeeding epochs, as none of them
were under my immediate control until into July.
On the morning of the 9th, at 4 o'clock, General Wilcox was di-
rected to move his division to Gayle's house, on the Ny River, near
Spotsylvania Court-House, where the road from the Court-House
to Fredericksburg crosses that river'. Directions were also given
to place a portion of the Provisional Brigade, Col. E. G. Marshall,
on the road to Fredericksburg, at the intersection of that road with
the Spotsylvania Court-House road, beyond the position occupied by
the general wagon train of the army. The remainder of the Pro-
Brigade was posted at Alsop's house, on the road to Gayle's.
General Willcox found the enemy's pickets about a mile north of
Gayle's house, and quickly drove them across the river, seizing the
bridge, over which he crossed Christ's brigade with two batteries of
artillery, which were posted on the crest, about a quarter of a mile
from the river. The First Division, General Stevenson, had been
ordered to follow from Chancellorsville in support of General Wil-
cox. The demonstrations of the enemy upon Christ's brigade ren-
dered it necessary for General Wilcox to cross his other brigade in
support, he having encountered a considerable force of dismounted
cavalry and a brigade of Longstreet's corps. Several attempts were
made by this force to drive our people back, which were repulsed.
The enemy finally retired, leaving some of their wounded and some
60 prisoners in our hands. At about midday the First Division ar-
rived, and a portion was thrown across the river, one brigade being
retained as a guard to the fords near that position. The losses of
the Third Division in this gallant affair were 167 killed and
wounded, and 21 missing.
On the afternoon of the 9th General Potter's division was moved
to the neighborhood of Alsop's, and the next day (the 10th) it was
moved to Gayle's to support a reconnaissance which we were directed
to make on Spotsylvania Court-House. Lieutenant-Colonel Porter,
of General Grant's staff, brought the order, and remained with us
during the reconnaissance. During the forenoon we met with a se-