920 OPERATIONS IN SE. VA. AND N. C. [Cam,. =M.
Col. J. Parker Gould, of the Fifty-ninth Massachusetts, assumed
comfnand of the brigade, Colonel Carruth being relieved on account
of sunstroke. Here earth-works were thrown up by the brigade on
The march to Spotsylvania Court-House and the operations in
front of that place.
At midnight on the 7th the brigade moved in the direction of Chan-
cellorsville ; were halted near the plank road. Here Colonel Gould
was relieved of the command of the brigade by Lieutenant-Colonel
Weld, of the Fifty-sixth Massachusetts. May 9 the brigade moved
early in the morning, marched all day, and crossed the River Ny at
about 3 o'clock in the afternoon ; halted and threw up earth-works on
and across the road leading to Spotsylvania Court-House, where we
remained until the following day. Here skirmishers were deployed.
On the afternoon of the 11th skirmishers and pickets were drawn in
and ordered to rejoin their regiments which had recrossed the river
and bivouacked. On the following morning the brigade advanced
in line of battle, met the enemy, and were engaged the greater part
of the day, suffering severely.
The brigade remained in position (that which they had erected
after falling back) until the morning of the 18th, when part of the
brigade were ordered forward to carry the enemy's works ; found
their line too strong for assault, and fell back in good order, meeting
with slight loss. While here Lieutenant-Colonel Weld was relieved
of command of the brigade by Brigadier-General Ledlie, and the com-
mand was re-enforced by the addition of two regiments of regulars,
respectively, the Fourth and Tenth. On the morning of the 19th
the brigade moved at a very early hour to the left. About 10
o'clock in the morning the column halted and erected a strong line
THIRD EPOCH. ,
The march to the North. Anna River and the operations at that
On the evening of the 21st broke camp, marched all night and
reached Guiney's Station at about 6 o'clock of the morning of the
22d ; made a short halt, resumed march, and camped for the night
at Clinton. On morning of the 23d took up line of march and at
about 8 p. m. halted on road which led to one of the fords on that
river. At noon of the 24th crossed the river at Ox Ford, and ad-
vanced in two lines of battle ; found the enemy strongly intrenched
and supported by. artillery. While waiting for re-enforcements,
were attacked by a heavy force and compelled to retire, which was
done in good order, although meeting with heavy loss.
The march across the Pamunkey, including the operations on the
Totopotomoy and at Cold Harbor.
May 25, recrossed the North Anna, marched to Jericho Ford,
and on the following day rejoined the division. Marched all day
and night, crossing the Pamunkey River at daylight near Hanover,