964 OPERATIONS IN SE. VA. AND N. C. [Cams. XLvIII.
engagements of the campaign, from the crossing of the Rapidan to
the assault on the enemy's position in front of Petersburg, July 30,
1864, by the Fifty-first Regiment Pennsylvania Veteran Volunteers.
The Fifty-first Regiment, strong, crossed the Rapidan River
at Germanna Ford on the 5th day of May, 1864. On the evening of
the same day the regiment was ordered on picket. Was relieved at
3 a. m. of the 6th. About 1 p. m. of the same day we advanced
upon the enemy, drove them from their works, and captured a few
prisoners. -Subsequently the enemy gained a slight advantage on
our left, compelling us to fall back a short distance, where we re-
formed our line, and again advanced, holding our ground until night,
when we were relieved.
On the morning of the 7th took up a position on the right of the
one held on the previous day, and constructed temporary works.
Remained until 1 a. m. of the 8th. We occupied the left of the
brigade. Our loss was 8 killed and 85 wounded.
About 1 a. m. of the 8th we left our line of works, marched to the
Po River, where we supported the Second Division in their oper-
ations. Moved to the right on the 10th instant, came in contact with
the enemy's pickets at 5.30 p. m., and kept up a brisk fire during the
night. At 4 p. m. of the 11th we moved to the rear, where we lay
under orders until 4 a. m. of the 12th, when we took up a, position
on the left of the brigade. Six companies were deployed as skirmish-
ers in front of the brigade. Our skirmishers soon became engaged
with those of the enemy, and kept up a brisk fire until 1 p. m., when
orders to advance were received. The brigade advanced to within
about 150 yards of the enemy's works, when the enemy opened a
terrific fire with artillery and infantry, to which our men gave a
spirited reply. The firing lasted about twenty minutes, when a brig-
ade of the enemy appeared on our flank, compelling us to fall back
with a loss of 2 stand of colors and some prisoners. On the morning
of the 19th we moved several miles to the left, and bivouacked in
the woods. Went on picket on the 21st, and were compelled to fall
back in the afternoon on account of a. regiment giving way on our
left. The loss of the regiment in this series of engagements was 107
in killed, wounded, and missing.
We left the lines at Spotsylvania May 22, and after a rapid march
reached North Anna River at 6 p. m. of May 23, where we took posi-
tion in support of a battery. Picketed the river bank with a detail
of 100 men on the 26th. Left the next morning, with a loss of 27
Left North Anna May 27 at 12 m., taking up our line of march
in the direction of the Chickahominy. Crossed the Pamunkey at
about 10 p. m. on the 28th. Constructed a line of works on the 1st
day of June. Here the skirmishers encountered the enemy. They
were repulsed after a lively skirmish of an hour's duration. En-
countered the enemy again on June 3. The regiment occupied the left