50 THE ATLANTA CAMPAIGN. (CHAP. L.
NEAR CHATTAHOOCHEE RIVER, July 5, 1864.
Maj. Gen. H. W. HiLLECK,
Washington, D. C.:
On the 3d we pursued the enemy by all the roads south till we found
him in an intrenched position which had been prepared in advance, its
salient on the main Marietta and Atlanta road about five miles south
of Marietta, and the wings behind the Nickajack and Rottenwood
Creeks. During the 4th General Thomas pressed the salient, and Mc-
Pherson and Schofield moved against Nickajack by pressing close and
threatening the Chattahoochee at Sandtown and below. Johnston again
retreated in the night and now has his main force and wagons across
the Chattahoochee, with Hardee's corps on this side, strongly intrenched
in a sort of tete-de-pont on a ridge of hills beginning at the railroad
bridge and extending down the river to the mouth of the Nickajack.
We have worked hard, and now Thomas' left is on the Chattahoochee,
three miles above the railroad bridge at Pace's Ferry. Stoneman has
been most active with the cavalry about Sweet Water, and is now on
the Chattahoochee about Sandtown, and Garrard started this morning
for Roswell Factory. I have no report from him yet. I am now far
ahead of my railroad and telegraph, and want them to catch up, and may
be here some days. Atlanta is in plain view, nine miles distant. We
have had continual skirmishing, but our losses are small, while we have
inflicted more to the enemy. Our prisoners taken in the last two days
will not fail shorn of 2,000. The extent of the enemy's parallels already
taken is wonderful, and much of the same sort confronts us yet, and is
seen beyond the Chattahoochee.
W. T. SHERMAN,
Major-General SHERMAN, July 5, 1864-3.45 p. m.
The President has issued his proclamation declaring martial law in
the State of Kentucky. News just received of a naval battle off Cher-
bourg between the pirate Alabama and the United States war steamer
Kearsarge. After a close engagement of one hour and forty minutes
the Alabama was sunk. Semmes and his officers and part of the crew
found shelter in a British yacht. No one killed on the Kearsarge.
EDWIN M. STANTON,
Secretary of War.
HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE CUMBERLAND,
In the Field, July 5, 1864.
Maj. Gen. W. T. SHERMAN,
Commanding Military Division of the Mississippi :
GENERAL: We discovered at daylight this morning that the enemy
had gone from in front of us, and I immediately ordered the troops in
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
GEO. H. THOMAS,