CHAP. LTV.] , THE RICHMOND CAMPAIGN. 761
supposed to be Fort Gilmer, and was informed that Brigadier-General
Birney waA to advance simultaneously on my left, and that I was to be
supported by troops of Brigadier-General Paine's command. I was to
commence the movement in ten minutes from the receipt of order. I at
once formed my line, the Second Brigade, Col. G. Pennypacker, Ninety-
seventh Pennsylvania Volunteers, on the right; the First, Col. R. Dag-
gett, One hundred and seventeenth New York Volunteers, on the
center, and the Third, Col. Louis Bell, Fourth New Hampshire Volun-
teers, on the left, and at 1.35 p. m. moved forward, the distance from
the road to the fort being three-quarters of a mile. As we advanced I
found four ravines intervening and also that old trees and under-
growth had been slashed, rendering our advance very slow, and re-
quiring a halt at the second ravine, and again just after the crossinc, of
the Fourth to reform. During this time the command was subject crossing a
very severe enfilading fire of artillery from two forts on the right and
one gun from a fort on the left, and a front fire from Fort Gilmer, which
disabled many of my men. After reforming the last time the line moved
forward to the assault and advanced rapidly under a heavy fire from
infantry, an artillery fire of grape and canister from Fort Gilmer, and
shell and case from the two forts to the right, but was obliged to fall back.
With the assistance of the officers of my command the line was rallied
and reformed, and one brigade of Brigadier-General Paine's command
coming to my support another assault was made, which was again
unsuccessful and the forces obliged to retire, which they did slowly and
stubbornly to the New Market and Richmond road, when the line was
again reformed. As my line advanced to the assault a body of troops
of the enemy, apparently 500 or 600, moved from the fort on the right,
and reached Fort Gilmer in season to assist the garrison in our repulse.
In this assault the colors of the Third New York Volunteers were lost.
I had the circumstances investigated and have the honor to forward
herewith the report of the commanding officer of the regiment, which,
with the indorsement of the brigade commander, would seem to show
that it was not through any unworthy act on the part of the regiment.
At dusk on the 29th, pursuant to orders, I withdrew my command to
the line of works taken in the morning, taking position, my left at the .
New Market and Richmond road, where crossed by the line, my right
refused, and resting at the Lines house. The Second Brigade was taken
from my command at this time and ordered to report to the command-
ing officer Eighteenth Army Corps.
On the morning of the 30th I moved my command by the left flank
along the, lines of captured works about one mile, connecting on my
right with the First Division, Tenth Army Corps, and on my left with
those of the Third Brigade, Tenth Army Corps. Immediately on gain-
ing this position I commenced turning the face of the enemy's works
and raising and strengthening the parapet, putting in abatis and other-
wise rendering them defensible. At 10 p. m. the Second Brigade,
having been returned, reported and went into camp near the Widow
Aiken's house. On the morning of the 1st of October the Second Bri-
gade moved to the right, taking a portion of the line occupied by the
First Division. This formation has since been retained, the troops
being busily engaged improving the works. On the 3d of October the
Two hundred and third Pennsylvania Volunteers were relieved from
duty at Deep Bottom by the Seventy-sixth Pennsylvania Volunteers.
In conclusion, I would state that the troops of the division behaved
well, with the exception of those officers and men who were guilty of
the disgraceful and cowardly conduct of straggling. Orders of the