766 OPERATIONS IN SE. VA. AND N. C. Liv.
flank down a narrow road through the woods toward the enemy's works;
when within about 1,000 yards took the double-quick step through the
woods and across a space of about fifty yards of felled timber, and took
position in front of the rebel intrenchments. I was informed that a
skirmish line had been sent forward after the enemy; consequently, I
gave orders against firing. Some thirty or forty minutes after I
arrived the troops on my left moved to the left, leaving a large space
unoccupied. I commenced to move my troops by the left flank to fill
up the space. While the movement was taking place the enemy came
down in large force and occupied the space beyond where my left had
then reached (I saw four regimental flags planted on the parapet) and
opened an enfilading fire on my flank. I immediately opened an oblique
fire on the enemy, when another column suddenly appeared in front of
my right center. The column on the left pressed on, and was about get-
ting in my rear, when, finding that it was impossible for me to hold the
position against such odds, I gave the command to retire. While falling
back I met Lieut. I. E. Smith, my aide, who informed me that General
Birney directed me to fall back. My staff and myself went to the rear
about 400 yards and rallied the troops and immediately formed a heavy
skirmish line and moved it forward to within about 200 yards of the
works now occupied by the enemy. Soon after re-enforcements arrived.
Lieuts. John M. Tantum and Henry H, Sears, Forty-eighth New York
Volunteers, both killed during the engagement, deserve special men-
tion for their brave and gallant conduct. It is also proper to state that
Lieutenant-Colonel Pennypacker, commanding Ninety-seventh Penn-
sylvania Volunteers; Major Diller, commanding Seventy-sixth Penn-
sylvania Volunteers; Captain Moore, commanding Forty-seventh New
York State Volunteers, and Capt. James M. Nichols, commanding
Forty-eighth New York State Volunteers, as well as the other officers
and men generally, behaved with great gallantry.
Too much praise cannot be awarded Lieut. F. D. Barnum, acting
assistant adjutant-general, and Lieutenant Smith, aide-de-camp, for
gallantry displayed during the engagement.
I have already forwarded a list of casualties, amounting to 178.
I have the honor to be, captain, very respectfully, your obedient
W. B. COAN.
Lieut. Col. Forty-eighth New York State Vols., Comdg. Brigade.
Capt. M. BAILEY,
Assistant Adjutant-General, Birney's Division.
Reports of Col. Galusha Pennypacker, Ninety-seventh Pennsylvania
Infantry, commanding Second Brigade, of operations September 28—
October 1 and October 27-28.
HDQRS. SECOND BRIG., SECOND DIV., TENTH ARMY CORPS,
In the Field, Va., October 3, 1864.
CAPTAIN: I have the honor to report that in pursuance of instruc-
tions from headquarters Second Division, Tenth Army Corps, this
brigade, consisting of the Forty-seventh and Forty-eighth New York
Volunteers, Seventy-sixth, Ninety-seventh, and Two hundred and