CHAP. LIv.i THE RICHMOND CAMPAIGN. 819
did well so far as they knew how, never having any drill of any ac-
count. They did not know how to act, and their conduct might have
been foreseen. On the fall of Colonel Kiddoo, who was wounded while
the regiment was charging across the field, I assumed command, did
all I could to urge the men forward, and in the retreat endeavored to
check them, which I accomplished. After we had fallen back about
300 yards, the line being formed, those of the wounded who could not
get off being carried to the rear, the regiment retreated in good order
and without molestation to the position occupied on the Williamsburg
road prior to the attempt on the rebel works. After a short rest the
line of march was taken up toward Deep Bottom and continued until
we reached the Darbytown road, where we bivouacked for the night.
On the 28th, by an easy march, the regiment returned to its former
position near Fort Harrison.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
I. C. TERRY,
Acting Assistant Adjutant-General.
Report of Col. Alonzo G. Draper, Thirty-sixth U. S. Colored Troops,
commanding Second Brigade, of operations September 29.
FIELD HOSPITAL, EIGHTEENTH ARMY CORPS,
October 6, 1864.
GENERAL: On the morning of the 29th ultimo my brigade was
massed in column in rear of the woods near Ruffin's house before day-
break. We were directed to lie down and wait for further orders.
After the Third Brigade had preceded us for half a mile or more I
received an order .W form line of columns and advance. We advanced
immediately across the open field, leaving Ruffin's house on our left.
On this field we received a skirmish fire from the woods. When nearly
down to the ravine I received an order from Brigadier-General Paine
to move my brigade to the right, as "we were getting the worst of it
there." We immediately moved by the right flank and again by the
left (by the proper evolutions), and formed at the ravine, where the
troops lay down in line. We Were here subjected to the fire of the New
Market batteries, which did little damage. After lying here about half
an hour I was ordered to form my brigade into line of double columns
and assault the enemy's works in front. The Twenty-second U. S. Col-
ored Troops were to skirmish on our left. This they did for awhile,
but did not continue to the works. After passing about 300 yards
through young pines, always under fire, we emerged upon the open
plain about 800 yards from the enemy's works. Across this the brigade
charged with shouts, losing heavily. Within twenty or thirty yards of
the rebel line we found a swamp which broke the charge, as the men
had to wade the run or stream and reform on the bank. At this
juncture, too, the men generally commenced firing, which made so much
confusion that it was impossible to make the orders understood. Our
men were falling by scores. All the officers were striving constantly
to get the men forward. I passed frequently from the right to the left,
urging every regimental commander to rally his men aroquel the color?É