874 OPERATIONS IN SE. VA. AND N. C. [CHAP. LIV.
bulk of the enemy's cavalry. We camp on the Opequon near Fred-
erick's Mill, and Wickham is ordered across from the vicinity of Ber-
August 18.—Move soon after daylight for Winchester, where we meet
General Early. Fitzhugh Lee's cavalry is thrown out to the front and
Kershaw camped in woods to the right of the Berryville road.
August 19.—No change in the position of our troops. Early moves
with his force to the vicinity of Bunker Hill.
August 20.—Without change.
August 21.—At daylight we move with Kershaw and Cutshaw, by
the old Charlestown road, for Charlestown. Lomax's cavalry moves
from Bunker Hill in the same direction via Leetown, Early's infantry
by Smithfield, and Fitzhugh Lee's cavalry by Berryville. About six
miles from Summit Point we encounter the advance of Wilson's
division of cavalry and drive it before us, skirmishing as far as Sum-
mit Point, where we arrive at 3.30 p. m. and camp, picketing all
the roads. Fitzhugh Lee encounters Torbert's division and drives
him through Berryville, and encamps one mile north of the town on
the Berryville and Winchester pike. Early arrives within two miles
and a half of Charlestown and halts for the night. Casualties in all
the skirmishes, light.
August 22.—March resumed at daylight for Charlestown. Meet
General Early. Latter's troops encamped in front of Charlestown,
ours back on the road we came, about two miles and a half from town.
August 23.—Without change.
August 24.—In the afternoon the enemy makes a slight demonstra-
tion with his cavalry on Early.
August 25.—Kershaw moves at daylight, with Cutshaw, to relieve
Rodes and Ramseur. Early's force moves to threaten Martinsburg, and
Fitzhugh Lee (who has resumed command of all the cavalry) toward
August 26.—Enemy in position and quiet until afternoon about 5
o'clock, when he advances four or five regiments of infantry and one of
cavalry to feel our lines. The picket-line of the Fifteenth South Caro-
lina Regiment, Kershaw's brigade, breaks, and about 100 men of it are
captured. The enemy soon retires. During the night we hear from
Early, who is at Leetown, and it is determined to move for Brucetown
at early dawn.
August 27.—Move at day via Smithfield, McCausland's, and Lomax's
brigades of cavalry in our rear. Camp near Brucetown. The two
cavalry brigades picket the line of the Opequon. Early moves to
August 28.—McCausland moves his brigade toward Leetown, under
orders from Fitzhugh Lee.
August 29.—Early drives the enemy's cavalry through Smithfield.
His troops afterward return to camp.
August 30.—Without change.
August 31.—Bryan's brigade moves at daylight into Winchester to
watch a probable movement of the enemy on Winchester from Berry-
ville, where he seems to be in force. In the afternoon the whole divis-
ion moves and takes its former camp near town.
September 1.—Some cavalry skirmishing on the Berryville road. A
small party of enemy's cavalry reported to have crossed Front Royal
road toward Newtown. Humphreys' brigade is sent down on Berry-
ville road to support the cavalry; but the enemy's force having been
exaggerated, it returns to camp. Wofford is posted near town on the